PSD Rules Rescinded In Part
Recent court decisions rescind portions of EPA Clean Air Act rules governing Prevention of Serious Deterioration (PSD) and renewable fuels. For example, in October 2010, EPA adopted rules allowing for significant impact levels (SILs) and significant monitoring concentrations (SMCs) for sources of PM-2.5. However, in January of this year the D.C. Circuit upheld most elements of the 2012 standards, but vacated and remanded provisions establishing and applying projections of cellulosic biofuel use. American Petroleum Institute v. EPA, ___ F.3d ___ (D.C. Cir. 2013).
FTC Clarifies Guidelines Around “VOC-free” Claims
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has issued an enforcement policy clarifying which “VOC-free” claims in product packaging and marketing comply with environmental advertising restrictions. In March 2013, FTC issued an enforcement policy under which “trace” amounts in a product cannot exceed ambient concentrations of the specified substance. On the same day, FTC settled enforcement actions against two companies that had made claims about volatile organic compounds that did not meet this standard. (FTC, In the Matter of PPG Architectural Finishes, Inc. (Docket No. C 4385) (3/5/13), and In the Matter of The Sherwin-Williams Company (Docket No. C 4386) (3/5/13).) In a March 6 press release, the FTC explained the events behind the case as follows:
In settling the FTC’s complaints, the two companies agreed to orders requiring them to stop making the allegedly deceptive claim that their Dutch Boy Refresh and Pure Performance interior paints, respectively, contain “zero” VOCs. According to the agency, while this may be true for uncolored “base” paints, it is not true for tinted paint, which typically has much higher levels of the compounds, and which consumers usually buy.
If you want to learn more about the policy, look for the FTC publication “Enforcement Policy Statement Regarding VOC-Free Claims for Architectural Coatings” (3/13), available on the FTC website.
State Plan States Target New HCS Compliance
State occupational safety and health agencies in delegated “state plan states” are adopting Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) requirements conforming with OSHA revisions adopted in 2012, in efforts to meet the first federal compliance deadlines.
OSHA’s changes to the HCS will bring the standard into parity with the United Nations' Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals. The target date for full implementation is 2016. The revised standard classifies chemicals based on the physical hazards they pose, and introduces standardized labels and safety data sheets for all chemicals produced both domestically and abroad. OSHA anticipates that the revised HCS will:
Reduce confusion about chemical hazards in the workplace
Enhance safety training
Improve workers’ understanding of hazards
Prevent approximately 585 injuries and illnesses per year
Reduce trade barriers
Improve productivity for American businesses that use and store hazardous chemicals
- For American businesses that periodically update safety data sheets and labels for chemicals covered under the standard, save $32.2 million
STP has recently released an update to the The Complete Guide to Environmental Law and also publishes the following environmental guides: